The Coral Triangle is so named because it demarcates a tropical marine area roughly the size of a triangle that includes territories of Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines. Each of the Coral Triangle's eco-region encompasses at least 500 species of reef-building corals. In fact, it's been said that the Coral Triangle is 10 times as biodiverse as Australia's Great Barrier Reef!
What sets the Coral Triangle apart from marine ecologies in the rest of the world is the fact that it's the Coral Triangle that is considered the absolute center of the world's marine biodiversity.
Amazingly, whilst covering a mere 1.6% of the planet's oceanic area, the Coral Triangle region actually contains more than a third of all the world's reef fish species, in excess of 3000 separate species, including the largest fish in the world, the whale shark and Coelacanth, the living fossil fish. What's more, the Coral Triangle is also home to over 75% of all the world's known coral species!
This coral diversity, in particular, is clearly visible in the plentiful and colorful coral gardens of Anambas.
But that's not all; the Coral Triangle is also the exclusive habitat for countless other marine organisms, including 6 out of the 7 marine turtle species.
Add to that the fact that the Coral Triangle also comprises the largest area of the world's mangrove and it quickly becomes clear how the Coral Triangle plays an incredibly important role when it comes to species diversity, both fauna and flora.
It is for this reason the Coral Triangle is also referred to as the "Amazon of the seas". The Coral Triangle is as unique and as important to the world as the Amazon region is.
Anambas is located at the western section of the Coral Triangle and, given its proximity to Singapore and Malaysia, is the most accessible of all the Coral Triangle countries.
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